Review Methods

Add your input and comments here. I have added those areas that I have felt to be most relevant to science teaching. John

Reviewing and making notes: PALAVA has researched note taking previously. Structured note taking, as a process, is what counts, not the common way of copying notes which by-passes the brain.

Graphics organisers and other visual notes (effect size 1.0): lots of examples here such as providing an empty graphic and the students add their own labels or visuals; creating posters, leaflets, PP graphics, web sites.

Snowballing: students write key points individually, then write a collaborative improvement in pairs, then fours, etc.

Highlighting a handout: this can be snowballed and the highlighted handouts can be checked for accuracy.

Homework: this is not so successful for all (although depends on the homework): effect sizes: 12-14 (0.15); 12-14 (0.31); 15-17 (0.64); + no comment average (0.28); + teacher comment (0.83) Hattie puts homework as 0.41over 568 studies which means it is hardly worth doing. How does this sit alongside parental pressure to set homework?


Comparing notes with criteria or with a model

We looked at ideas about feedback previously but this is an area worth developing.